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Total social logistics in the first two months increased by 7.7%
发布时间:2020-06-09 00:21:53 点击量:253

The reporter learned from the National Development and Reform Commission's Economic Operation Regulation Bureau on the 9th: In the first quarter of this year, China's transportation and logistics operations were stable and good, demand continued to be strong, transportation volume increased rapidly, the structure tended to optimize, costs fell, and market expectations were good .

Strong demand, showing strong national economic growth

Zhao Chenxin, director of the National Development and Reform Commission's Operational Regulation Bureau, said that from three aspects of data, the demand for transportation and logistics in the first quarter increased rapidly.

First, the demand for logistics is growing rapidly. From January to February, the total logistics of the whole society was 36.8 trillion yuan, calculated at comparable prices, an increase of 7.7% year-on-year, the growth rate was 0.8 and 1 percentage points higher than the same period last year and the whole year. Among them, the total logistics of goods for units and residents increased by 32.7%, indicating that consumer logistics demand is very strong.

The second is the rapid growth of freight volume. In the first two months, the whole society completed a freight volume of 6.3 billion tons, a year-on-year increase of 6.3%, and continued to maintain a relatively rapid growth rate. Among them, the railway completed 640 million tons, an increase of 8.8%, and the growth rate was 8.1 percentage points faster than that in the fourth quarter of last year; the road completed 4.67 billion tons, an increase of 7.4%; the water transportation completed 990 million tons, an increase of 0.2%; and the civil aviation completed 1.095 million tons, an increase 10.9%.

The third is the rapid growth of railway transportation demand. According to the Railway Express, the average daily loading of railways in the first quarter of the country was 175,500 vehicles, a year-on-year increase of 7.9% and a chain increase of 6%. Demand for bulk material transportation continues to be strong. The average daily coal loading is 93,400 vehicles, an increase of 10.6% year-on-year, and an increase of 12.2%. The average daily loading of iron ore, steel and other smelting materials is 35,400 vehicles, an increase of 6% year-on-year, and an increase of 10.1%. %.

"The rapid growth of transportation and logistics demand shows that the national economy is growing strongly, indicating that the economic operation has started well." Zhao Chenxin said.

Structural changes indicate positive effects of cost reduction and structure adjustment

In the first quarter, transportation and logistics not only made breakthroughs in quantity, but also improved qualitatively.

The cost of social logistics has declined. From January to February, the total cost of logistics in the whole society was 1.7 trillion yuan, an increase of 6.5% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 2.7 percentage points slower than last year. The total social logistics cost per hundred yuan of total social logistics is 4.52 yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 3.3%. Zhao Chenxin said that the decline in logistics costs reflects the further improvement of the quality and efficiency of economic operations.

Optimization and adjustment of cargo transportation structure. From January to February, railway freight volume accounted for 2.4% of the total social freight volume last year. The transportation structure has been gradually optimized, which will further reduce the cost of animal flow. Zhao Chenxin analyzed: "With the in-depth advancement of supply-side structural reforms, air pollution prevention and control, and road overtaking, a considerable portion of medium- and long-distance freight transport has been shifted from roads to railways, water transport, and multimodal transport."

Highlights of e-commerce logistics development. In March, my country's e-commerce logistics business volume increased by 33.2% year-on-year, and China's e-commerce logistics index increased by 4.2 percentage points from the previous month. Zhao Chenxin believes that with the continuous advancement of "Internet +" efficient logistics, the efficiency of warehousing, transportation and distribution links has improved significantly. In March, the e-commerce logistics inventory turnover index, load factor index and logistics time efficiency index rose by 9.6, 6.9 and 13.5 percentage points respectively.